On the Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) bombshell:
I also attended Haslam's excellent talk and heard the tapes; indeed, they’re shocking. It's clear the SPE was an elaborate production; "subjects" were coached on how to act and informed about the intended results.
Listen to this: Zimbardo's Warden meeting with Guard in SPE (start @ 8:38) purl.stanford.edu/wn708sg0050
A. Guard conforming naturally to role
B. Experimenter engaging in identity leadership—presenting brutality as necessary for worthy ingroup goals
D. See results
A major difference of course is that the prisoners could leave at any time in the replication. With that, the guards have no power whatsoever. I wonder if there would be a way with modern IRBs to have a replication where the prisoners really couldn't leave.
Another debunking of the already pretty thoroughly debunked Stanford Prison Experiment.
There's a book to be written about the group of psychologists - like Zimbardo, Stanley Milgram (who did the electric shock compliance experiment), and Solomon Asch - who created an incredibly influential literature around conformity and evil.
All of them were immigrants or children of immigrants writing in the aftermath of the horrors of WW2. All had political views around the subject that led them to push their conclusions far further than the evidence allowed.