All political parties are coalitions of different factions, so division is never that far off. 1/4
Labour are currently faced with the challenge of reconciling the conflicting outlooks of cities vs. towns. 2/4
But UKIP also divided, between right-authoritarian (immigration/protectionism) and libertarian (Euroscepticism/free trade) factions. 3/4
And the Conservatives also (silently) divided between its globalist cosmpolitans and closed, protectionist traditionalism. 4/4
Far too little critical attention has been given, to date, to UKIP's deep divides between its origins and its working class revolt strategy.
Same for the Conservative's underlying divisions - which will likely be ignored until their political fortunes turn...
But it reflects a deep failing on the part of pundits (including academics) that there is focus on one set of divisions but not the others.
In UKIP's case this is because the demographics of its vote have often become the main story, rather than its substantive policy platform.
This is entirely predictable from the literature on media framing, and the bias of news coverage to episodic (event-focused) stories.
Also consider: in the period after May 2015, the Conservatives were just below 40% in the polls. They are currently ~1-2 points above that.
The narrative has been that Theresa May is all-conquering, but Conservative support has barely shifted, especially if you recall that...
...most pollsters introduced methodological adjustments during this period which were designed to uplift the Conservative vote share.