1. In moments like the Catalan Crisis we often focus on leaders. But think of all the state and political actors whose support Rajoy needed
2. Rajoy would have needed support of his cabinet. Particularly the Deputy Prime Minister, Defence, Interior, Justice and Foreign Affairs
3. Rajoy needed clear support for such a move from his Partido Popular MPs in the Cortes. He needed to know they wouldn't topple him over it
4. Rajoy needed clear support from the leadership and rank and file of the Guardia Civil and other police drafted into Catalonia.
5. Rajoy needed to be sure his course had the support of the intelligence services and police investigators feeding crucial information
6. Rajoy needed to be certain the military would stand behind such a risky move. Particularly special forces units held in reserve.
7. Rajoy needed to be sure Spanish prosecutors would be willing to charge and pursue all those involved in a referendum deemed illegal
8. Rajoy was only able to make his move because of rulings by judges all the way up to the constitutional court
9. Rajoy needed Finance Ministry and perhaps even Central Bank officials willing to cut off state financing for Catalonia without resigning
10. Rajoy will have consulted with figures hostile to Catalan nationalism in the PSOE, Ciudadanos, perhaps even in Podemos.
11. Rajoy did not make his move alone. His actions reflected consensus across the Spanish state and much of Spanish society.
12. If this crisis was a leader's mistake it could be solved quickly. But as a product of consensus on the Right it will go on for some time
13. It will be interesting to see if the PSOE and Podemos can develop an alternative to Rajoy's posturing in order to deescalate this crisis
14. But this crisis isn't over. Particularly if Mossos discipline collapses the Left may find itself forced to completely back Rajoy too.
15. Through migration and economic integration Spain is deeply intertwined with Germany and France. The EU won't remain a spectator for long